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ALCL3 System Built By Consulting Engineers SML Associates

This low energy system crystallizes the aluminum and other chlorides in the TCS reactor effluent and continuously removes and concentrates the fine crystals in a two stage liquid cyclone. Commercial operation and analysis has shown that the aluminum removal performance matched the predicted performance and removed fine MGS particles carried over from the gas cyclone. This early low temperature removal also traps phosphorus contaminants on the surface of the AlCl3 crystals thus avoiding phosphorus excursions in downstream processing.
Crystallization is a low energy process
  • Seeds: spent MGS or recycled
  • Cooling: cooling water, chilled water or refrigerant
  • Crystallizers: agitated tanks
Continuous solids removal
  • Two-stage liquid cyclones
  • 2nd stage liquid cyclone makes 40% solids sludge
  • Sludge can be melted and processed further
Integrated Phosphorus removal
  • AlCl3 forms a solid complex AlCl3:PH3 (MP 83ºC)
  • AlCl3:PH3 ratio >> 1.0 R
  • Heat breaks down the complex
  • Proportional to aluminum removal
aluminum removal depends on temperature
  • Cooling water provides about 80% removal
  • Chilled water about 85% removal
Downstream distillation
  • Removes AlCl3 dissolved in hot STC
  • Avoids solids deposition in columns

Economic Benefits

  • Lower STC makeup
  • Higher TCS recovery
  • Easier HCl recovery
  • Less expensive than filters
  • Less downtime
  • Less maintenance

Environmental
& Safety Benefits

  • No HCl emissions from filter washing or tank cleaning
  • No fires during cleaning AlCl3 filters
  • Chlorine content is recovered later and recycled

Operational Benefits

  • Continuous operation
  • Columns and reboilers are clean
  • No need for tank or filter cleaning

Purity Benefits

  • No aluminum carryover
  • No phosphorous peaks from AlCl3.PH3 complexes
SML ASSOCIATES | 109 PEPPERTREE LANE | ENCINITAS, CA 92024 | 760.942.2359 | SALES@SMLASSOCIATES.COM